Homicide Offences

The Criminal Code prohibits “culpable homicide” and other acts or omissions that result in the death of another human being, including:

 

  • The Criminal Code contains numerous complicated provisions that define “murder,” classify murder as first-degree or second-degree, and replace murder with “infanticide” or “manslaughter” depending on the circumstances.

 

  • It is an offence to attempt to murder a person.

 

  • It is an offence to be an accessory after the fact to murder.

 

  • It is also an aggravated offence to cause death by the commission of other offences, such as the impaired operation of a motor vehicle or criminal negligence.

 

Homicide offences are some of the most serious offences with some of the most serious consequences:

 

  • At the bail stage, if a person is alleged to have committed certain homicide offences, then they may be subject to a “reverse onus” bail hearing – they must prove that they should be released from custody, instead of the prosecution having to prove that they should be kept in custody.

 

  • At the sentencing stage, some homicide offences involve mandatory minimum jail sentences (including mandatory sentences to life imprisonment), most homicide offences can result in a maximum sentence of life imprisonment, and a person may also be unable to get parole for fourteen years or twenty-five years for murder.

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